Samurai were the only people in Japan who could ride horses, carry swords and even have a last name. As such, they had great rights and responsibilities, and occupied a high position in society. Samurai were expected to be fearless, loyal servants of the samurai lords, the daimyo, while leading a plain and simple life. These warriors made up a very small portion of the Japanese population, while the rest of the population were farmers, merchants, priests, monks and artisans. Samurai answered only to their lords, who hired them to fight their wars and protect their land. The position of a samurai was inherited from father to son. Samurai were expected to be kind to the poor, but also had the right to kill if insulted by a person of a lower social rank. Refer Image 3


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