ADVANTAGES

In 1816 Kamehameha's ship Ka'ahumanu sailed to China with a cargo of sandalwood, but was turned away from the port when it arrived flying the Hawaiian flag. Under the advice of an Englishman on board, the British flag was hoisted. The ship was allowed in the harbor, but Captain Alexander Adams had to pay a $3,000 duty. When Kamehameha found out, he instituted port fees in Hawai'i and greatly added to the treasury of his Hawaiian Kingdom.

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