Samuel Gompers was born on January 27, 1850 in , England, into a Jewish family which had recently arrived from the . He attended the until age 10 when he left to become an apprentice, first as a shoemaker and then as cigar maker. The family emigrated to the United States in 1863, settling on in . He married Sophia Julian in 1866 and became a U.S. citizen in 1872.


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