Two examples, from Britain and from Germany, demonstrate this point. In Britain Walter Crane, the Arts and Crafts designer, artist, and socialist, employed the visual language of trade union banners in his anti-war illustration “Stop the War” in order to encourage those on the left to embrace anti-imperialism (Fig. 1). In Munich, the anti-war publication Der Burenkrieg (“The Boer War”), sister paper of the notorious satirical journal Simplicissimus, used images of Bavarian and Austrian peasants to protest the war, thereby introducing a heightened note of Pan-Germanism to traditional regional associations of the figure (Fig. 2).


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