By examining the historical trends of fatal crashes for teen drivers compared to adult drivers, Shope and Bingham (2008) found seven categories of influence for teen drivers including driving ability, developmental factors, behavioral factors, personality factors, demographics, the perceived environment, and the driving environment. Because of the complexity of these factors, they suggest that interventions to address and prevent teen driving accidents must be multi-tiered and comprehensive. To address the complexity of factors around teen driving safety, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) suggests an approach which focuses on increasing seat belt use, implementing graduated driver licensing, reducing teens' access to alcohol, and increasing the focus on parental responsibility (2010).


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