The distinctive feature of culture is its being the expression of a psychism reflecting self-consciousness, self-determination and therefore freedom. Obviously, reflex psychism is not a fossilized artifact; nevertheless, traces have been discovered in connection with prehistoric as well as present-day human beings. Human psychism also means perception of , not only as a memory of past events (which we share with animals), but also as predictions and plans for the future. The capacity for projectuality inherent in humankind is aimed at preserving and improving the results what they produce. This capacity means an openness towards the future, in order to investigate and shape it as consciously and freely as possible, notably by predisposing the appropriate techniques in advance. This inner attitude is clear in human behavior, from the signs suggesting it is peculiar to humankind; in a word, from the manifestations of human culture through an approach which is phenomenological or properly anthropological more than philosophical. Consequently, "humanization" is mainly due to culture. As Martelet (1998) pointed out, it defines the way in which human beings, appeared in the very heart of and started influencing it by their presence, as opposed to "hominization", which is likely to represent only the segment of anatomic-morphologic, and psychical evolution leading to the human beings.


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