Linda Alcoff holds that feminism faces an identity crisis: thecategory of women is feminism's starting point, but various critiquesabout gender have fragmented the category and it is not clear howfeminists should understand what it is to be a woman (2006, chapter5). In response, Alcoff develops an account of gender aspositionality whereby “gender is, among other things, aposition one occupies and from which one can act politically”(2006, 148). In particular, she takes one's social position to fosterthe development of specifically gendered identities (orself-conceptions): “The very subjectivity (or subjectiveexperience of being a woman) and the very identity of women areconstituted by women's position” (Alcoff 2006, 148). Alcoffholds that there is an objective basis for distinguishing individualson the grounds of (actual or expected) reproductive roles:


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