We'll soon know better than seers could tell us.
My son, Antigone has been condemned to death.
Do you come here in anger for her fate?
or do you love me and support my action?
Father, I am your son and follow your path.
A marriage is not more important
than being guided by your wisdom.
Yes, Haemon, this should be the law for you.
Always obey your father's will.
Do not be lured by pleasure
to unseat your reason for a woman.
No wound is worse than a wicked wife.
Turn from this girl as an enemy
and let her find a husband in the world below.
I've found her openly rebelling.
Therefore I will have her killed.
If I permit disloyalty in my own house,
disorder will soon break out elsewhere.
I must be as just with my family
as I am with the whole state.
I cannot pardon violation of my laws
by one who would dictate to the ruler.
For the ruler of the city must be obeyed
in everything great or small, right or wrong;
but disobedience is the worst evil,
for it is what ruins the state,
confuses the people, and breaks up allies.
Most find contentment and safety in obeying.
Thus we must support the law
and not let ourselves be beaten by a woman.
I am old, but I think you've spoken wisely.
Father, the gods gave us reason, best of all.
I'm not skilled in showing
where you've spoken wrongly.
Yet it's my duty to notice what people say,
for they're frightened of you and say little.
Murmurs in secret lament for her,
saying no woman ever less deserved
to die so shamefully
for actions so admirable.
For she would not let her brother's body
lie unburied to be eaten by dogs or birds.
Does not such a woman deserve a reward?
I've heard this rumor spreading quietly.
Father, I value your welfare above all.
Don't think your word alone must be correct.
Whoever believes that only he is right
may be found empty when he is tested.
The wise are not ashamed to learn
and take care not to be too rigid.
Let go of your resentment;
allow yourself to change.
Though I'm younger, my advice may be sound.
If your son has spoken well, pay attention.
And Haemon, benefit from his words.
You both have spoken reasonably.
At my age am I to be taught how to behave
by one as young as he?
I urge you not to do wrong.
Judge me by my actions not my age.
Have you done well to honor a rebel?
I don't respect those who do wrong.
You don't think she is sick with that disease?
The citizens deny it.
Does Thebes order me how to rule?
Now you speak like one who is immature.
Am I to rule by another's judgment?
No city belongs to one man.
Custom gives it to the ruler.
You'd rule a desert well.
He seems to be on the woman's side.
... if you are a woman. I care about you.
You're not ashamed to quarrel with your father?
I must when I see you acting unjustly.
Am I unjust to respect my position?
You trample on religious obligations.
It's infamous to yield to a woman!
But I don't yield to something shameful.
Everything you say is for her.
And for you and me and the gods.
You shall not marry her in this life.
If she dies, it will not be alone.
Has it come to this?
Do you threaten me?
It's no threat, but your decree is useless.
You'll regret trying to teach me wisdom.
If you weren't my father,
I'd call you mad.
Don't flatter me, you woman's slave.
You like to make speeches,
but you don't listen.
Oh? By the gods you'll pay for taunting me.
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Essay on Oedipus and Tragic Hero - 1723 Words | Major Tests
Photo provided by Flickr
Haemon glares at Creon in fury and then spits in his face. He looks down for his sword, but as he picks it up, Creon retreats. Haemon swings his sword at Creon but cannot reach him. As Creon gets near the entrance to the cave, the guard with the torch comes in between them. Haemon seeing the guard protecting Creon stabs himself in the stomach, then stumbles back to the body of Antigone; falling he embraces her body with his remaining strength until blood spills out of his mouth onto her cheek, as he dies. The guard with the torch and Creon slowly approach the two dead bodies.
Essay on Oedipus and Tragic Hero; ..
Photo provided by Flickr
In the first part of this Passion the Author prooueth, that hee abideth more vnrest and hurt for his beloued, than euer did Leander for his Hero: of which two paramours the mutuall feruency in Love is most excellently set foorth by Musaeus the Greeke Poet. In the second part he compareth himselfe with Pyramus, and Haemon king Creons Sonne of Thebes, which were both true hearted louers, that through Loue they suffered vntimely death, as Ovid metam. lib. 4 writeth at large of the one. And the Greeke Tragedian Sophocles in Antig. of the other.
Antigone: Creon has crude ways ..
Photo provided by Pexels
Now you answer this question briefly.
Did you know there was a law forbidding this?
Of course I knew; it was publicly proclaimed.
And yet you dared to disobey the law?
Yes, for this law was not proclaimed by Zeus
nor by any other of the gods.
I don't believe your edicts are able
to override the laws of heaven.
Unwritten laws belong to all time,
and no one knows when they began.
If I transgressed these laws
out of fear of the arrogance of men,
how could I satisfy the gods?
I know I'm mortal and will die
regardless of your proclamations.
If I must die before my time,
that may be a blessing.
To one who lives in sorrow as I do,
death can be a gain.
To me death is just a small pain.
But to leave my brother's body unburied
would be a bitter grief for me.
If you think my act is foolish,
it may be because a fool sees folly.
She is as stubborn as her father
and will not yield to trouble.
The rigid are the first to break.
An unruly horse can be curbed to obey.
How can you, a slave, be so proud?
She was brought up to be insolent,
and now that she's defied the law she boasts.
If her triumph goes unpunished,
she is the man here not me.
Even if she were more than my niece,
she would not escape a dreadful death.
Nor will her sister Ismene;
she must have had a hand in it.
Go bring her here; I just saw her raving.
whose misfortune results from some faulty judgment or errors
Come in, brother Polyneices;
you'll be safe here today
while the truce protects you.
I've broken off ambushing your chariots
to listen to you in this arbitration
arranged by our sister, Antigone.
Please be calm, my dear brothers.
Swiftness rarely brings justice.
In careful speech is found the greatest wisdom.
Do not glare at each other
and let your feelings seethe.
This is no monster you see, Eteocles,
but your brother who has come to you.
And you, Polyneices, look upon your brother
that you may speak better and hear better.
I want to give you both some good advice.
When friends fall out and disagree,
let them look into each other's eyes
and forget the old wrongs that divide them.
Polyneices, why don't you speak first?
For you have come with an Argive army
as one who claims he's been wronged.
Now may the gods judge your case
and reconcile your grievances.
The word of truth is simple by nature,
and a just cause needs no interpreting.
But an unjust argument is sick
and needs convoluted medicine.
Everyone knows Creon gave the throne to me
to rule here in Thebes for one year,
and then I willingly passed it over to you,
my brother, to rule next for your year
so that then I would take my turn again,
and we would not fall into hate and envy.
But you have broken the agreement
and still hold the tyranny of this house.
Now I'm ready if I get what is mine
to send away the army from this land
and take my proper turn ruling this house a year
before yielding it back to you for equal time.
I have no desire to plunder this land
nor to besiege her towers by force of arms.
But if I do not get justice, this I must do.
The gods know that I have acted justly,
that I am unjustly robbed of my fatherland,
which is an offense to heaven.
I've reviewed the facts without elaboration,
and one does not need to be clever
to see that I have spoken correctly.
You have presented your case clearly, Polyneices.
Now what says my other brother, Eteocles?
If everyone saw the just and wise the same,
there would be no need for debate.
I'll speak without hiding anything, dear sister,
I'd go to the stars or under the earth for one thing:
to gain rulership, the greatest of the gods.
I will not choose to give up this good thing
to anyone when I can keep it myself.
I'd be a coward to let this go and settle for less.
I'd be ashamed to let someone come with arms
to sack my homeland to achieve his purpose.
That would be a real shame for Thebes
for me to yield the scepter I hold
out of fear of spearmen from Mycenae.
He should not come with an army to seek peace
when an argument could straighten this out.
He is free to live here on some other terms,
but what he asks I will not give.
Why should I be his slave when I could rule?
So harness the horses, fill the plain with chariots,
and bring on fire and the swords of war,
for know that I will never yield my rule.
I believe it's best to have power,
even if it's wrong.
It's not right to speak such evil, brother;
this is not good, but bitterness to justice.
My brother Eteocles, listen to me.
Even though I'm young, I may be wise.
Why do you pursue the goddess Ambition?
This goddess of injustice is the worst of all.
Often she comes to happy homes and cities,
but she destroys their owners before she leaves.
It's better, brother, to honor Equality,
who unites friends, cities, and allies together.
For equality brings stability to people,
or else the lesser hates the greater force,
and so begins the day of hostility.
Equality is a scale for weights and measures.
Night and day are equal and serve humanity
each yielding to and not resenting the other.
Yet will you not tolerate holding your house
in even shares with your brother?
Where is justice then?
Why do you honor so much tyrannical power
and think that unjust happiness is great?
It's nice to be looked up to, but it's empty.
You want much wealth in your halls,
but then you get the troubles that go with it.
What good is having so much?
Enough is enough for people of sense.
People do not really own their private goods;
we simply take care of what is the gods',
and when they will, they take them back again.
Wealth is not steady, but lasts merely a day.
Now let me ask you a double question,
whether you wish to rule or to save this city?
Will you choose to be a tyrant?
But if your brother wins this battle,
and the Argive spear beats the Theban lance,
then you will see Thebes subdued
and many maidens taken off as slaves
to be assaulted and ravished by our enemies.
The wealth which you want to have
would mean nothing but grief for Thebes.
You're too ambitious; that's your problem.
My sister speaks well,
and you both should listen to her.
Now let me turn to Polyneices.
In ignorance Adrastus has helped you
come in folly to sack your city.
If you take this land--heaven forbid--
what trophies will you set up to Zeus?
Would you start your rule
by sacrificing your conquered country?
How would your inscription read?
"Polyneices set up these shields
after he burned Thebes"?
Never let this be your fame in Greece.
If you lose and his side wins,
will you leave thousands of corpses here
and go back to Argos where they'll say,
"Adrastus, what a wedding for your daughter!
For one girl's marriage we've been destroyed."
You are pursuing two evils:
either to destroy Thebes or Argives.
Both of you, drop this excessive violence.
When double folly strikes, this is worst of all.
O gods, somehow avert these evils
and make these brothers agree!
Sisters, it's too late for talk,
and this truce has been a waste of time.
Your good purpose can accomplish nothing now.
For we cannot agree except as I have said
that I shall hold the scepter of power in Thebes.
End your long advice, Antigone, and let me be.
And you, Polyneices, get outside these walls,
or you shall surely die.
Who will slaughter me with a sword
without bringing a murder upon himself?
One near enough.
Do you see these hands of mine?
Oh, I see you all right.
Wealth's nothing but a coward who loves his life.
Then why do you come with so many
to battle with a nobody?
A prudent captain is better than a bad one in war.
You can boast, while a truce saves you from death.
So can you. Again I claim rule here
and my proper share of the land.
It's no use for you to ask.
My house shall be ruled by none but me.
Holding more than your fair share?
Yes. Now leave this land at once
which you have come to plunder.
O gods, I am driven from my country wrongly.
Don't call upon these gods, but Mycenae's.
You are impious.
Never have I been my country's enemy.
You drive me off without my portion.
I'll kill you yet.
O my city!
Go to Argos; that's your city.
I'm going. You have insulted me.
And you have insulted me back.
Where will you be before the towers?
Why should you ask that?
I shall stand against it to kill you.
I desire the same thing.
Oh, my brothers, what will you do?
Won't you flee your father's curses?
Soon my sword will be bloody.
By the land which bore me and her gods I swear
that dishonored and badly treated
I am thrust out of this land like a slave,
as if I were not son of Oedipus, as he is.
O my city, if you suffer, blame not me but him.
I attack against my will
after being thrust away unwillingly.
I don't know if I'll ever speak to you again,
but I hope if the gods are on my side
that I shall kill you
and be master of this Theban land.
Leave this place.
Your name means quarrel and suits you well.