This work studies a continuous flow microwave system to enhance gravity settling of water-in-oil emulsions. Settling times were found to be dependent upon the applied power, flow rate, and energy input. Power and energy input are linked to liquid flow rate within the flow system used in this study, so a key objective of this work was to understand the effect of turbulence on the heating and separation of the flowing emulsion. At high flow rates (9–12 L/min), it was found that turbulence dominates, with settling times largely independent of energy input. At lower flow rates (1–6 L/min), when turbulence was decreased, it was found that the settling time decreased as the power density was increased. Settling times have the potential to be less than half that of untreated emulsions and can be reduced further if turbulence can be minimized between the microwave heating zone and the settling zone in the process equipment.


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